- Wage Withholding. The Chapter 13 Trustee will contact your employer to set up the wage withholding to ensure the plan payment is made each and every month. The plan payment will then be withheld from each paycheck you receive. To calculate how much will be withheld from each paycheck use the math in the chart below.
Example: Let’s say your plan payment is $400/month. Your employer will withhold the following based upon your pay frequency:
|Frequency of Pay||Amount withheld per paycheck||The Math|
|Twice per month||$200||=(Plan Payment*12)/24|
- Direct Payment. The main reasons for making the plan payment directly are that you are self-employed, unemployed, or receive your income from non-wages (i.e. Social Security, retirement, disability, alimony, etc.).
If you are making a direct payment, you must make the payment via certified funds i.e., money order, postal order, cashier’s check, or certified check made out to Kathleen Laughlin, Chapter 13 Trustee. The Chapter 13 Trustee’s Office will not accept cash payments, personal checks, or wire transfers. You will need to reference your case number.
The payment address:
Kathleen Laughlin, Chapter 13 Trustee
P.O. Box 3287
Omaha, NE 68103-0287
- ACH/Withdrawal from Bank Account. At this time, Nebraska does not have a system for you to make your payment from an automatic withdrawal or ACH payment.
- Pre-filing Arrears. If you were behind on your mortgage payments, then your plan will cure the default and pay the arrears through the plan.
- Post-filing Payments. Your regular monthly mortgage payment is not paid through your plan. You are required to make your post-petition regular monthly mortgage payment directly to your mortgage company.
- Pre-filing Arrears. If you were behind on your car loan payments, then your plan will cure the default and pay the arrears through the plan.
- Post-filing Payments. Your car loan payment will be handled through your plan. You should not make any payments directly to the car lender once you file your bankruptcy.
- You must keep your vehicle insured. From time-to-time, the car lender may request proof of insurance.
Keep your Attorney Informed
- Change in Employment. Your attorney will inform the Chapter 13 Trustee’s Office so that your new employer can be informed to set up the wage withholding for the plan payment.
- Change in Household Size. A change in your household size may impact your household income and/or expenses, which may require an adjustment to your plan payment either temporarily or permanently.
- Temporary Increase in Expenses/Decrease in Income. You need new tires for your car or you had a larger than normal medical bill arise. In these situations, you may have the option to temporarily stop or reduce your plan payment.
- Need a replacement vehicle. Before you finance a replacement vehicle, you will need to file a pleading, asking for the court’s permission to incur the new debt.
- Certification Regarding Domestic Support Obligations. Your attorney will provide you with a certification regarding court-ordered domestic support obligations (child support and/or alimony). If you have a domestic support obligation, then you have to state that you are current on your post-filing domestic. If you don’t have a domestic support obligation, you simply state as much. The reason why this is necessary is that you have to be current on post-filing domestic support obligations in order to have your plan confirmed.
- Tax Returns. In order to have your plan confirmed, you must have filed all required tax returns. If you have not done so, you will need to prepare and file your tax returns as soon as possible after filing.
- Your creditors, the Chapter 13 Trustee, and other parties in interest have an opportunity to review and object to your plan. The Chapter 13 Trustee almost always finds a reason to object to the plan.
- You have an opportunity to provide a response to any objection. Your attorney will prepare and provide this to you and file it with the bankruptcy court.
- The ultimate goal is to have your Chapter 13 bankruptcy plan confirmed. Sometimes your attorney will have to prepare and file an amended plan to address the issues presented in any objection. Once the court confirms your plan, it will remain in place for the next 3-5 years unless it is modified. More on that next.
To explore your bankruptcy and non-bankruptcy solutions, contact Koenig|Dunne to schedule a free consultation with one of our experienced bankruptcy attorneys.